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Как думаете, что это такое?

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Самое короткое время на Папском престоле…

Вчера, в поисках о семействе Борджиа, нашел этот любопытный список.

Оказывается, борьба за Папскую тиару была очень ожесточенной за всю историю Католической Церкви.

Борьба была не на жизнь. За Власть.

“Рекордсменом” в сидении на Папском Престоле (самым короткоживущим Папой) был Папа Урбан VII. Папой ему удалось побыть меньше двух недель. 13 дней, если быть точным.

Полный список.

Popes with the shortest reigns

    The list of the 11 shortest-reigning popes[1] includes:

  1. Urban VII (September 15–September 27, 1590):[12] reigned for 13 calendar days,[13] died before consecration.
  2. Boniface VI (April, 896):[14] reigned for 16 calendar days
  3. Celestine IV (October 25–November 10, 1241):[15] reigned for 17 calendar days, died before consecration.
  4. Theodore II (December, 897):[16] reigned for 20 calendar days
  5. Sisinnius (January 15–February 4, 708):[17] reigned for 21 calendar days
  6. Marcellus II (April 9–May 1, 1555):[18] reigned for 22 calendar days
  7. Damasus II (July 17–August 9, 1048):[19] reigned for 24 calendar days
  8. Pius III (September 22–October 18, 1503):[20] reigned for 27 calendar days.
  9. Leo XI (April 1–April 27, 1605):[21] reigned for 27 calendar days
  10. Benedict V (May 22–June 23, 964):[22] reigned for 33 calendar days.
  11. John Paul I (August 26–September 28, 1978): reigned for 33 calendar days.[23]

Отсюда.

Борджиа…

Смотрю сейчас сериал с таким названием.

Эпоха Папы Александра VI была достаточно любопытной.

Ну, и, конечно же, его смерть..

Нашел статью об этом. Подробное описание Секретаря Папы…

“On Saturday morning, August 12th, the pope felt unwell, and at about three o’clock in the afternoon he became feverish. Fourteen ounces of blood were taken from him three days later and tertiary fever set in. Early on August 17th, he was given some medicine, but he worsened and at about six o’clock on the following morning, he made his confession to Don Pietro Gamboa, the Bishop of Carinola, who then celebrated Mass in His Holiness’s presence. After he had made his own communion, he gave the pope the Host as he sat in his bed and then completed the Mass. The service was also attended by five cardinals – Serra, Francesco Borgia, Giovanni Castelar, Casanova and de Loris of Constantinople – to whom His Holiness stated that he felt ill. At the hour of Vespers he was given Extreme Unction by the Bishop of Carinola, and he expired in the presence of the datary, the bishop and the attendants standing by.

Don Cesare, [the Pope’s illegitimate son] who was also unwell at the time, sent Michelotto with a large number of retainers to close all the doors that gave access to the pope’s room. One of the men took out a dagger and threatened to cut Cardinal Casanova’s throat and to throw him out of the window unless he handed over the keys to all the pope’s treasure. Terrified, the cardinal surrendered the keys, whereupon the others entered the room next to the papal apartment and seized all the silver that they found, together with two coffers containing about a hundred thousand ducats.

At four o’clock in the afternoon, they opened the doors and proclaimed that the pope was dead. In the meantime, valets took what had been left behind in the wardrobe and the apartments, and nothing of value remained except the papal chairs, some cushions and the tapestries on the walls. Throughout the whole of the pope’s illness, Don Cesare never visited his father, nor again after his death, whilst His Holiness for his part never once made the slightest reference to Cesare or Lucrezia [the Pope’s illegitimate daughter].”

Полностью, — здесь.

Такая вот, орегонская история…

Не очень счастливая, на мой взгляд.

В двух словах и без комментариев. Супруги, работающие и владеющие пекарней, исповедующие Христианство, отказали печь торт для женщин с нетрадиционной сексуальной ориентацией. Что произошло после этого?

Они потеряли место, где была их пекарня.

A Christian baker who faced virulent protest and eventually lost her shop after refusing to make a wedding cake for a lesbian couple took to her Facebook page Monday to reveal what she says are the “two huge lies” contemporary culture has embraced.

“Our culture has accepted 2 huge lies. The first is that if you disagree with someone’s lifestyle, you must fear or hate them,” wrote Melissa Klein, owner of the embattled Sweet Cakes by Melissa bakery. “Second is that to love someone means that you must agree with everything they believe or do. Both are nonsense.”

She concluded, “You don’t have to compromise convictions to be compassionate.”

Klein and her husband, Aaron, have been at the forefront of the debate surrounding whether Christian business owners who provide wedding services should be forced to serve gay and lesbian clients.
Continue reading “Такая вот, орегонская история…” →

Получил по рассылке

Все о том же, об ISIS и об Ираке.

И не только об Ираке, впрочем.

На английском.

Last month we told you about the horrific suffering of our brothers and sisters in Mosul, Iraq. They had been given the choice of converting to Islam, paying a high tax, leaving the area or being killed. Islamists had spray-painted an Arabic “N” on their homes to mark them as Christians (“N” for nasara, meaning Nazarene to indicate Christians). Nearly every Christian family chose to flee, some with only the clothes on their backs.

VOM has continued to increase support to those who have been forced from their homes, offering food, shelter, clean drinking water and medical support. We have also increased support to front-line workers, who are taking every opportunity to share Christ with Muslims, most of whom are opposed to the brutal assaults of the “Islamic State” (IS).

Our workers are ministering around the clock. However, as one worker told us, when they see people come to Christ in the midst of this crisis, they are energized to push forward.

Because of increased need, VOM has broadened giving opportunities to include Christians under attack by Islamists in countries like Syria and even Nigeria, where the terrorist group Boko Haram continues its deadly campaign to kill or expel all Christians in northern Nigeria.

Решил исправить некоторую ошибку….

Написал о Христианстве Толстого и вспомнил, что Христианином он и не был.

То, во что он верил, никак нельзя назвать Христианством. Он и Христа отвергал. Его Божественное Происхождение.

В ответе на решение Синода он прямо заявил, что отвергает «непонятную Троицу», «не имеющую смысла басню о падении первого человека» и «кощунственную историю о Боге, родившемся от девы, искупляющем род человеческий». Учение Церкви он называет «коварной и вредной ложью, собранием самых грубых суеверий и колдовства, скрывающих смысл христианского учения». Колдовством Толстой считал молитвы и церковные Таинства: «чтобы ребенок, если умрет, пошел в рай, нужно успеть помазать его маслом и выкупать с произнесением известных слов, чтобы был успех в деле или спокойное житье в новом доме, для того, чтобы хорошо родился хлеб, прекратилась засуха, для того, чтобы путешествие было благополучно, для того, чтобы излечиться от болезни, для того, чтобы облегчилось положение умершего на том свете, для всего этого и тысячи других обстоятельств есть известные заклинания, которые в известном месте и за известные приношения произносит священник».

В романе «Воскресение» Толстой ядовито описал Таинство Евхаристии. По мнению некоторых историков, именно это стало последней каплей, переполнившей чашу терпения Синода. Но писатель не высказывает ни малейшего сожаления по этому поводу: «Кощунство не в том, чтобы назвать перегородку — перегородкой, а не иконостасом, и чашку — чашкой, а не потиром и т.п., а ужаснейшее, не перестающее, возмутительное кощунство — в том, что люди, пользуясь всеми возможными средствами обмана и гипнотизации, — уверяют детей и простодушный народ, что если нарезать известным способом и при произнесении известных слов кусочки хлеба и положить их в вино, то в кусочки эти входит бог; и что тот, во имя кого живого вынется кусочек, тот будет здоров; во имя же кого умершего вынется такой кусочек, то тому на том свете будет лучше; и что тот, кто съест этот кусочек, в того войдет сам бог».

Полностью.

Так что, скорее он отрекся от Церкви. Так, наверное, будет точнее.

Еще два святых у Католиков.

Это уже давно не новость, но я наткнулся на это только пару минут назад.

Оказывается, новый Папа Римский собирается канонизировать бывшего “польского” Папу.

И не только его..

The Vatican on Friday defended the fast-track canonization process of two former popes, agreeing that the procedure is unusual but saying that saint-making is “not exactly a democratic process.”

The Catholic Church will elevate two popes this Sunday to sainthood in a historic dual ceremony. Pope John XXIII served from 1958 to 1963; the 27-year papacy of Pope John Paul II ended upon his death in 2005. Some have questioned why the Vatican sped the canonization process for John Paul, allowing the procedure to begin immediately upon his death instead of observing a typical five-year waiting period.

Vatican spokesman Greg Burke said the enormous outpouring of support for John Paul II helped speed up the canonization effort.

“That’s part of the saint-making process. It’s not exactly a democratic process but people do vote with their feet,” he said Friday on TODAY.

Burke said that that while the process for John Paul II may have proceeded faster than others, “rush is an opinionated word there, because there are things that have actually happened faster.” He also pointed out that Pope Emeritus Benedict, whom he described as “one of the most conservative popes in the world,” was the person who waived the five-year waiting period for his predecessor.

“I think that’s one sign that we’re pretty safe,” he said.

Both former popes will be declared saints in a ceremony led by the current pontiff. Pope Francis also waived another Vatican rule, in this case the need for proof that Pope John had performed two miracles instead of one.

Полностью.

Вера или…

Сколько конфессий уже существует?! Вот, к примеру, есть Христианская конфессия одна из ветвей Пятидесятников, которые верят в…

17. Уверовавших же будут сопровождать сии знамения: именем Моим будут изгонять бесов; будут говорить новыми языками;
18. будут брать змей; и если что смертоносное выпьют, не повредит им; возложат руки на больных, и они будут здоровы.
(Св. Евангелие от Марка 16:17,18)

Отсюда.

Один из пасторов такой Церкви в Кетакки умер, потому что после того, как его укусила змея, он отказался от медицинской помощи.

MIDDLESBORO, Ky. (AP) — Jamie Coots, a snake-handling Kentucky pastor who appeared on the National Geographic television reality show “Snake Salvation,” died Saturday after being bitten by a snake.
Coots was handling a rattlesnake during a Saturday night service at his Full Gospel Tabernacle in Jesus Name Church in Middlesboro when he was bit, another preacher, Cody Winn, told WBIR-TV (http://on.wbir.com/1cLrs8A).
“Jamie went across the floor. He had one of the rattlers in his hand, he came over and he was standing beside me. It was plain view, it just turned its head and bit him in the back of the hand … within a second,” Winn said.
When an ambulance arrived at the church at 8:30 p.m., they were told Coots had gone home, the Middlesboro Police Department said in a news release. Contacted at his house, Coots refused medical treatment.
Emergency workers left about 9:10 p.m. When they returned about an hour later, Coots was dead from a venomous snake bite, police said.
In January 2013, Coots was caught transporting three rattlesnakes and two copperheads through Knoxville, Tenn. Wildlife officials confiscated the snakes, and Coots pleaded guilty to illegally wildlife possession. He was given one year of unsupervised probation.
Coots said then he needed the snakes for religious reasons, citing a Bible passage in the book of Mark that reads, in part: “And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.”
Coots said he took the passage at face value.
“We literally believe they want us to take up snakes,” Coots told The Associated Press in February 2013. “We’ve been serpent handling for the past 20 or 21 years.”
After he was bitten Saturday night, Coots dropped the snakes, but then picked them back up and continued on. Within minutes, Winn said Coots headed to the bathroom.
His son, Cody, told the television station his dad had been bit eight times before, but never had such a severe reaction. Cody Coots said he thought the bite would be just like all the others.
“We’re going to go home, he’s going to lay on the couch, he’s going to hurt, he’s going to pray for a while and he’s going to get better. That’s what happened every other time, except this time was just so quick and it was crazy, it was really crazy,” Cody Coots said

Полностью.

И все это случилось практически на глазах телезрителей, потому что пастор был укушен гремучей змеёй во время съемок шоу “Snake Salvation,” на National Geographic television

И, вот даже не знаю, как к этому отнестись?!..

Чего здесь больше, Веры, самоуверенности или просто… глупости?

Религиозное…

Как думаете, кто так клянется?

Therefore to the utmost of my power I will defend this doctrine and His Holiness’s right and custom against all usurpers of the heretical or Protestant authority whatever, especially the Lutheran Church of Germany, Holland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway, and the now pretended authority and Churches of England and Scotland, and the branches of same now established in Ireland and on the continent of America and elsewhere and all adherents in regard that they may be usurped and heretical, opposing the sacred Mother Church of Rome. I do now denounce and disown any allegiance as due to any heretical king, prince or State, named Protestant or Liberal, or obedience to any of their laws, magistrates or officers. I do further declare the doctrine of the Churches of England and Scotland of the Calvinists, Huguenots, and others of the name of Protestants or Masons to be damnable, and they themselves to be damned who will not forsake the same. I do further declare that I will help, assist, and advise all or any of His Holiness’s agents, in any place where I should be, in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Ireland or America, or in any other kingdom or territory I shall come to, and do my utmost to extirpate the heretical Protestant or Masonic doctrines and to destroy all their pretended powers, legal or otherwise. I do further promise and declare that, notwithstanding, I am dispensed with to assume any religion heretical for the propagation of the Mother Church’s interest; to keep secret and private all her agents’ counsels from time to time, as they entrust me, and not to divulge, directly or indirectly, by word, writing or circumstances whatever; but to execute all that should be proposed, given in charge, or discovered unto me by you, my Ghostly Father, or any of this sacred order. I do further promise and declare that I will have no opinion or will of my own or any mental reservation whatever, even as a corpse or cadaver (perinde ac cadaver), but will unhesitatingly obey each and every command that I may receive from my superiors in the militia of the Pope and of Jesus Christ. That I will go to any part of the world whithersoever I may be sent, to the frozen regions north, jungles of India, to the centres of civilisation of Europe, or to the wild haunts of the barbarous savages of America without murmuring or repining, and will be submissive in all things, whatsoever is communicated to me. I do further promise and declare that I will, when opportunity presents, make and wage relentless war, secretly and openly, against all heretics, Protestants and Masons, as I am directed to do, to extirpate them from the face of the whole earth; and that I will spare neither age, sex nor condition, and that will hang, burn, waste, boil, flay, strangle, and bury alive these infamous heretics; rip up the stomachs and wombs of their women, and crush their infants’ heads against the walls in order to annihilate their execrable race. That when the same cannot be done openly I will secretly use the poisonous cup, the strangulation cord, the steel of the poniard, or the leaden bullet, regardless of the honour, rank, dignity or authority of the persons, whatever may be their condition in life, either public or private, as I at any time may be directed so to do by any agents of the Pope or Superior of the Brotherhood of the Holy Father of the Society of Jesus.

Полностью.

О теории Ада и о Вечно поджаривающихся грешниках

В общем, о тех самых вещах, от которых многие верующие перестают верить. Впрочем, я тоже не понимаю, почему Тот, который Есть Любовь вдруг решил создать что-то вроде вечно горящих крематориев, в которых Вечно горят грешники.

Откуда в Христианстве появилось все это? Ответ, достаточно прост, почти в каждой мифологии отдельные элементы этой теории присутствуют. К примеру, в греческих мифах встречается Ад.

В общем, небольшой мультфильм об этом. К сожалению, — на английском.

Вот интересно, кому выгоден Б-г — Тиран? Для многих Христиан фраза: “Б-г — есть Любовь” звучит без какой-либо тени сомнения. И, тем не менее, концепция Ада и Вечно горящих грешниках — все это принимается тоже без какой-либо тени сомнения.

Кто-нибудь задумывался над тем, как можно совместить одно с другим?

Еще немного о том же самом…

Про Иезуитов.

На этот раз, на английском. Из Википедии.

…In 1534, Ignatius and six other young men, including St. Francis Xavier and Bl. Pierre Favre, gathered and professed vows of poverty, chastity, and later obedience, including a special vow of obedience to the Pope. Rule 13 of Ignatius’ Rules for Thinking with the Church said: “That we may be altogether of the same mind and in conformity […], if [the Church] shall have defined anything to be black which to our eyes appears to be white, we ought in like manner to pronounce it to be black.

Отсюда.