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February 2014



Подолимпийская история

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Это случилось двадцать лет назад, в январе 1994-ого года. Фигуристка Нэнси Кэрриган (Nancy Kerrigan) была атакована на улице. Она получила сильный удар по ноге. Атака случилась накануне Чемпионата США в Детройте. Тогда шла подготовка к Олимпиаде в Лилльехаммере и одной из подозреваемых в нападении на Нэнси Кэрриган стала другая американская фигуристка Тоня Хардинг (Tonya Harding). Расследование показало, что заказчиком атаки был бывший муж Тони Хардинг, Jeff Gillooly.

Тоня Хардинг тоже оказалась замешана в скандале. Она признала себя виновной но избежала тюремного заключения.

Вот такие истории случались в американском спортивном мире.

Harding became notorious in conjunction with the January 6, 1994, attack on her competitor Nancy Kerrigan. The widely publicized attack took place during a practice session on the eve of the 1994 U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Detroit. Harding’s ex-husband, Jeff Gillooly, and her bodyguard, Shawn Eckhardt,[6] hired Shane Stant to break Kerrigan’s right leg so that she would be unable to skate. Stant followed her to Detroit after failing to find her at her training rink in Massachusetts, and struck her on the thigh a few inches above the knee with an ASP baton.[34] Her leg was only bruised, not broken, but the injury forced her to withdraw from the national championship. Harding won that event, and they were both selected for the 1994 Olympic team.[35] Harding finished eighth in Lillehammer, while Kerrigan, by then fully recovered from the injury, won the silver medal behind Oksana Baiul.
The attack on Kerrigan and the news of Harding’s alleged involvement led to a media frenzy of saturation news coverage. Kerrigan appeared on the cover of both TIME and Newsweek magazines in January 1994. Reporters and TV news crews attended Harding’s practices in Portland and camped out in front of Kerrigan’s home. CBS assigned Connie Chung to follow her every move in Lillehammer. 400 members of the press jammed into the practice rink in Norway. Scott Hamilton complained that “the world press was turning the Olympics into just another sensational tabloid event”.[36] The tape-delayed broadcast of the short program at the Olympics remains one of the most watched telecasts in American history.[37]
On February 1, 1994, Gillooly accepted a plea bargain in exchange for his testimony against Harding. Gillooly, Stant, Eckhardt, and getaway car driver Derrick Smith all served time in prison for the attack.[38] Eckhardt was sentenced to 18 months in prison for racketeering but was released four months early in September 1995.[6]
Harding avoided further prosecution and a possible jail sentence by pleading guilty on March 16 to conspiring to hinder prosecution of the attackers.[39] She received three years probation, 500 hours of community service, and a $160,000 fine. As part of the plea bargain, she was also forced to withdraw from the 1994 World Figure Skating Championships and resign from the USFSA.[40] On June 30, 1994, after conducting its own investigation of the attack, the USFSA stripped her of her 1994 U.S. Championships title and banned her for life from participating in USFSA-run events as either a skater or a coach.[18] The USFSA concluded that she knew about the attack before it happened and displayed “a clear disregard for fairness, good sportsmanship and ethical behavior”. Although the USFSA has no control over professional skating events, she was also persona non grata on the pro circuit because few skaters and promoters would work with her. Consequently, she failed to benefit from the pro skating boom that ensued in the aftermath of the scandal.[36]
In her 2008 autobiography, The Tonya Tapes, she said that she wanted to call the FBI to reveal what she knew, but refused when Gillooly allegedly threatened her with death following a gunpoint gang rape by him and two other men she did not know. He subsequently changed his name to Jeff Stone and called the allegations “utterly ridiculous”.[7] Eckhardt, who legally changed his name to Brian Sean Griffith following his release from jail, died of natural causes at age 40 on December 12, 2007.[6]

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